Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids
Generic Name: omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (oh MAY ga 3 POL ee un SAT yoo ray ted FAT ee AS ids)
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What is omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids?
There are many brands and forms of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids available. Not all brands are listed on this leaflet.
Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids are found in oil from certain types of fish, vegetables, and other plant sources. These fatty acids are not made by the body and must be consumed in the diet. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids work by lowering the body's production of triglycerides. High levels of triglycerides can lead to coronary artery disease, heart disease, and stroke.
Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids are used together with diet and exercise to help lower triglyceride levels in the blood.
It is not known if omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids will prevent a heart attack or stroke. Talk to your doctor about your risk factors.
Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
Follow all directions on your medicine label and package. Tell each of your healthcare providers about all your medical conditions, allergies, and all medicines you use.
Before taking this medicine
You should not take omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids if you are allergic to fish, shellfish, or soybeans.
Ask a doctor or pharmacist if it is safe for you to take this medicine if you have other medical conditions, especially:
It is not known whether omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids will harm an unborn baby. Ask a doctor before using this medicine if you are pregnant.
It is not known whether omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids pass into breast milk or if this could harm a nursing baby. Ask a doctor before using this medicine if you are breast-feeding a baby.
Do not give this medication to anyone under 18 years old.
How should I take omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids?
Use exactly as directed on the label, or as prescribed by your doctor. Do not use in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.
Swallow the omega-3 polyunsaturated capsule whole. Do not puncture or open the capsule.
This medication works best if you take it with food.
Do not crush, chew, break, or dissolve a delayed-release capsule. Swallow it whole.
Measure liquid medicine with the dosing syringe provided, or with a special dose-measuring spoon or medicine cup. If you do not have a dose-measuring device, ask your pharmacist for one.
While using omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, you may need frequent blood tests.
Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids is only part of a treatment program that may also include diet, exercise, and weight control. Follow your doctor's instructions very closely.
Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat. Do not freeze.
What happens if I miss a dose?
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.
What happens if I overdose?
Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.
What should I avoid while taking omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids?
Avoid eating foods that are high in fat or cholesterol. This medication will not be as effective in lowering your triglycerides if you do not follow the diet plan recommended by your doctor.
Avoid drinking alcohol. It can increase triglycerides and may make your condition worse.
Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids side effects
Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Stop using omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and call your doctor at once if you have:
Common side effects may include:
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids dosing information
Usual Adult Dose for Hypertriglyceridemia:
1 gram prescription only products:
4 grams orally daily; may be given as a single dose or 2 divided doses.
-Assess triglyceride levels carefully before starting therapy and identify other possible causes (e.g. diabetes, hypothyroidism, medications) and manage appropriately.
-Patients should be on a lipid lowering diet prior to using this medication, and continue the diet during use of this medication.
-Capsules should be swallowed whole; do not break, crush, chew or dissolve capsules.
-In clinical trials, the medication was administered with meals.
What other drugs will affect omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids?
Other drugs may interact with omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Tell each of your health care providers about all medicines you use now and any medicine you start or stop using.
Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.
Editorial References and Review
Medically reviewed by BestRx Medical Team Last updated on 1/1/2020.
Source: Drugs.com Omega-3