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Noctiva

Generic Name: desmopressin (nasal) (DEZ mo press in)
Brand Name: DDAVP Nasal, DDAVP Rhinal Tube, Noctiva, Stimate
Physician reviewed Noctiva (nasal) (nasal) patient information - includes Noctiva (nasal) description, dosage and directions.
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Drug Information:
Noctiva is a man-made form of a hormone that occurs naturally in the pituitary gland. This hormone affects blood pressure, kidney function, and regulating how the body uses water. Noctiva is used to treat central cranial diabetes insipidus, and increased thirst and urination caused by head surgery or head trauma. Stimate is used to treat bleeding episodes in people with hemophilia A or von Willebrand's disease Type I. Noctiva is used to treat excessive night-time urination in adults who are at least 50 years old. Noctiva should not be used to treat night-time bedwetting. Learn more

Noctiva Side Effects

Noctiva Side Effects

Note: This document contains side effect information about desmopressin. Some of the dosage forms listed on this page may not apply to the brand name Noctiva.

For the Consumer

Applies to desmopressin: oral tablet

Other dosage forms:

  • sublingual tablet
  • injection solution
  • nasal solution, nasal spray

Along with its needed effects, desmopressin (the active ingredient contained in Noctiva) may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur while taking desmopressin:

Rare

  • Confusion
  • convulsions
  • decreased urine output
  • dizziness
  • fast or irregular heartbeat
  • headache
  • increased thirst
  • muscle pain or cramps
  • nausea or vomiting
  • shortness of breath
  • swelling of the face, ankles, or hands
  • unusual tiredness or weakness

Incidence not known

  • Weight gain

Some side effects of desmopressin may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

Incidence not known

  • Delusions
  • dementia
  • diarrhea

For Healthcare Professionals

Applies to desmopressin: injectable solution, nasal solution, nasal spray, oral tablet, sublingual tablet

Cardiovascular

One review of the literature found that the incidence of thrombotic events associated with the use of DDAVP to reduce blood loss and transfusion requirements in surgical patients was not significantly higher than placebo. In any case, the incidence of thrombosis is rare. One review found only 10 reports of thrombosis over a 4-year period, covering 433,000 doses of DDAVP.

Cardiovascular side effects have infrequently included transient and slight elevations or reductions in blood pressure, a compensatory change in heart rate, and facial flushing with injections of desmopressin (DDAVP). Vasodilation and water retention have occurred. There have been rare reports of thrombotic events (acute cerebral thrombosis, acute myocardial infarction) in some patients after DDAVP injection. At least one case of fatal left coronary thrombosis has been associated with the use of DDAVP.

Nervous system

Nervous system side effects have included seizures and/or coma as a result of severe water intoxication and hyponatremia. Other nervous system side effects have included headache and dizziness in less than 3% of patients. DDAVP nasal spray has been infrequently associated with somnolence, lethargy, paresthesias, fatigue, confusion, stupor, malaise, diaphoresis, itchy or light-sensitive eyes, insomnia, chills, warm feeling, and agitation.

The risk factors for DDAVP-induced hyponatremia include stress, surgery, anesthesia, narcotics (endogenous release of ADH), vomiting (loss of sodium), liver disease (hindered metabolism of DDAVP), overhydration with hyponatremic fluids, and advanced age. In some cases, fluid restriction, avoidance of hyponatremic solutions, and close monitoring of serum electrolytes and urine output for at least 15 to 20 hours after the administration of DDAVP may be beneficial.

Hematologic

Hematologic side effects have included platelet aggregation and thrombocytopenia. These have been seen almost uniquely in patients with von Willebrand's disease Type IIB (DDAVP is contraindicated in these patients).

Local

Local side effects of injections of DDAVP have included intravenous site erythema, swelling, and burning.

Respiratory

Respiratory side effects of intranasal DDAVP have included rhinitis, epistaxis, and nostril pain in 2% to 10% of patients. Apnea and cardiac arrest occurred in one patient.

Gastrointestinal

Gastrointestinal side effects have included mild abdominal cramps and nausea in 2% of patients. Dyspepsia and vomiting have rarely been associated with DDAVP nasal spray.

Hypersensitivity

Hypersensitivity reactions have rarely included anaphylaxis.

Psychiatric

Psychiatric side effects have included a single case of paranoid psychosis associated with the use of DDAVP nasal spray.

Editorial References and Review

Medically reviewed by BestRx Medical Team Last updated on 1/1/2020.

Source: Drugs.com Noctiva